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Biblical Cosmology, The sun and Moon

Updated: Feb 18

We continue our journey of Biblical cosmology with the sun and moon. We’ve touched briefly on the nature of the sun, such as it not being a star, but now we’re going to dive into scripture and see what we find. Later we’ll also look at empirical evidence to support the claims made by the Bible, but without further ado, I bring you the reality of the sun and moon.

Two Heavenly Bodies, Two Different Lights

“And Elohim made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night, and the stars. And Elohim set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And Elohim saw that it was good.” (Genesis 1:16-18)

On day four we have YHWH creating the sun and moon and assigning them their place in the firmament. The sun will be over the day and the moon will be over the night, from this we can gather that the moon sheds its own light. This is further supported by the following Bible verses.

“For the stars of the heavens and their constellations do not give off their light. The sun shall be dark at its rising, and the moon not send out its light.” (Isaiah 13:10)

“And when I extinguish you, I shall cover the heavens, and make its stars dark. I shall cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.” (Ezekiel 32:7)

“And immediately after the distress of those days the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give its light, and the stars shall fall from the heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken. ” (Matthew 24:29)

Some may rebuttal that the two great lights give off their own light by saying in the scriptures above the sun and moon are darkened at the same time. Thus, they will conclude since the sun has gone dark there will be no light for the moon to reflect on the earth. To that I say to reread the scriptures again, it clearly states in all the above Bible verses that the moon shall not cause her light to shine. Not the light of the sun that she supposedly reflects but her own light that she generates.

“And I looked when He opened the sixth seal and saw a great earthquake came to be. And the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood.” (Revelation 6:12)

With this scripture we have the sun being darkened but the moon does not turn black, rather it turns blood red. Supporting the Biblical claim that the sun and moon give off their own light, not the moon reflecting the sun’s.

Moonlight is Cold

Here’s an experiment you can do at home to prove that the moon gives off her own light, you’ll need two thermometers (preferably digital) and a full moon. When the time comes, place one of the thermometers in a spot that is shaded and the second one in direct moonlight. I would wait a few hours then go check and compare the temperatures on the two thermometers. You’ll notice that the thermometer that was placed in the shade is warmer than the one placed in direct moonlight. Completely opposite of what we experience during the daytime, this is empirical scientific evidence that the light from the moon is different than the light from the sun. We can conclude this because if the moon was reflecting the sun’s light it would be warm and not cold.

I mentioned this next Bible verse in another post but since it is about the sun I’ll show it again.

“So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself upon their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Yashar? (Jasher) Thus the sun stopped in the midst of the heavens, and did not hasten to go down for an entire day ” (Joshua 10:13)

Some will argue that he was writing based on his perspective, these people also tend to believe that they are revolving around the sun. And according to their sacred science, the earth is spinning along its axis which keeps us firmly planted on the ground. Well, if they want to say that the earth is the one that stood still and not the sun as the Bible clearly states. Then they must reason how it is that everyone on the “planet” didn’t fly off because we were no longer experiencing the spin that keeps us on earth. Hopefully this example helps to open your eyes, the Bible is the truth and YHWH knows His creation better than Neil deGrasse Tyson, Bill Nye, Richard Dawkins, and Lawrence M. Krauss. These gentlemen here are into what we call scientism.

The Sun and the Moon are the Same Size

The book of 1 Enoch is a fascinating read and I truly believe it should be canonized, the prophet Jude thought so as well. In the book, Enoch himself gives us an account of the heavenly luminaries pretty much throughout his teachings, but especially with “The Book of Astronomy and Calendar” which runs from chapters 72-82. Most of these chapters talk about the sun and moon and the laws applied to them, such as their movements, and it is here that Enoch says something rather interesting.

“As he rises, so he sets and decreases not, and rests not, but runs day and night, and his light is sevenfold brighter than that of the moon; but as regards size they are both equal.” (1 Enoch 72:37)

Enoch knew that the sun did not just dissipate, he knew that even when it set, the sun was still burning and working. That even if it was night where he was, that somewhere it was daytime and the sun was shining his light. Enoch also states that the sun and moon are the same sizes! This makes sense when we think of an eclipse because the moon perfectly covers up the sun.

The Sun and the Moon and the Usage of Gender Specific Pronouns

Have you noticed? Whenever the Bible refers to the sun it's with a masculine pronoun and the moon with a feminine pronoun. You know I don’t claim to know everything, and this is one of those subjects that I do not know. So, I ask you the question, why do you think the Bible refers to them as male and female? Feel free to leave a comment with your thoughts, I would love to have a community form out of this, that way we can grow from each other.

As always don’t believe a word I say, research it for yourselves, and I hope this brings wonder and a thirst for adventuring off to discover the truth. May the Holy Spirit guide you on your journeys.


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