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Yeshua's Sermon on the Mount: Rediscovering Torah and the Way to the Father

“But when He saw the crowds, He went up on a mountain. And when He was seated His taught ones came to Him. And having opened His mouth, He was teaching them, saying…” (Matthew 5:1-2)

On the mount, Yeshua redelivers the Torah to the people, expounding upon its deeper meanings. This act of Yeshua ascending a mountain to teach the Torah echoes the time when Yah, through Moses, instructed the children of Israel at Mount Sinai.

“And יהוה spoke to Mosheh on Mount Sinai, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, and say to them…” (Leviticus 25:1-2)

Yeshua Reaffirms the Torah

While the Christian church often cites the Sermon on the Mount as evidence that the Messiah abolished or taught contrary to the Torah, there are at least five instances where Yeshua affirmed the validity and relevance of the Torah in the lives of His followers.

Do not think that I came to destroy the Torah or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to complete.” (Matthew 5:17)

Despite the initial part of the sentence, many use the latter part of the sentence to justify their disregard for the Torah. However, the Greek word for 'complete' or 'fulfill,' as per Strong’s coordinates, signifies to 'fill up' or 'make full,' to bring to realization, or to cause Elohim’s will (as revealed in the Torah) to be obeyed as intended, and for Yah’s promises (as conveyed through the prophets) to be fulfilled. 

“For truly, I say to you, till the heaven and the earth pass away, one yod or one tittle shall by no means pass from the Torah till all be done.” (Matthew 5:18)

The heavens and the earth still exist, serving as the two witnesses that Yah summoned to stand before Israel after He bestowed upon them the Torah.

“I have called the heavens and the earth as witnesses today against you: I have set before you life and death, the blessing and the curse. Therefore you shall choose life, so that you live, both you and your seed, “to love יהוה your Elohim, to obey His voice, and to cling to Him…” (Deuteronomy 30:19-20)
Whoever, then, breaks one of the least of these commands, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the reign of the heavens; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the reign of the heavens.” (Matthew 5:19)

I've heard Christians use this to argue that even those who don't adhere to the Torah will enter the Master’s rest. However, this is incorrect, as we'll explore later. Being considered the least in the kingdom doesn't equate to being with the Messiah. While Elohim’s kingdom will encompass all of creation, access to His city, which houses the tree of life, won't be granted to everyone.

Blessed are those doing His commands, so that the authority shall be theirs unto the tree of life, and to enter through the gates into the city. “But outside are the dogs and those who enchant with drugs, and those who whore, and the murderers, and the idolaters, and all who love and do falsehood.” (Revelation 22:14-15)  
“For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall by no means enter into the reign of the heavens.” (Matthew 5:20)

Remember that the Pharisees were hypocrites who prioritized their own traditions over Elohim's commands. They esteemed what would later be known as the Talmud above the Holy Torah. Let's be clear: Christian church doctrines that deviate from the Torah are no different from the Talmud, rendering those preachers and teachers no better than the scribes and Pharisees.

Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Master, Master,’ shall enter into the reign of the heavens, but he who is doing the desire of My Father in the heavens. “Many shall say to Me in that day, ‘Master, Master, have we not prophesied in Your Name, and cast out demons in Your Name, and done many mighty works in Your Name?’ “And then I shall declare to them, ‘I never knew you, depart from Me, you who work lawlessness!’” (Matthew 7:21-23)

Merely wielding the authority of the Messiah to perform miracles doesn't confer citizenship in the Kingdom of Heaven. Despite their use of authority, they never genuinely knew the Messiah because they failed to learn the Father’s ways. Instead, they followed the broad path supported by Papal Rome and her Protestant offspring.    

Yeshua, the Prophesied Teacher

Yeshua embodies many roles: Messiah, King, High Priest, Son of the Living Elohim, and he is also a teacher (rabbi), as prophesied in Isaiah.

“and all your children taught by יהוה, and the peace of your children great.” (Isaiah 54:13)
“You call me Teacher and Master, and you say well, for I am.” (John 13:13)
“Because I spoke not from Myself, but the Father who sent Me has given Me a command, what I should say and what I should speak. “And I know that His command is everlasting life. Therefore, whatever I speak, as the Father has said to Me, so I speak.” (John 12:49-50)

Yeshua teaches the Torah, as it reflects the will of the Father. During his sermon on the Mount, Yeshua's teaching echoed a style not seen since the days of old when righteous prophets instructed and exhorted Israel to teshuva (repent). For centuries, the people lacked a true teacher and leader until, as promised by Moses, Yeshua emerged from among them.

YHWH your Elohim shall raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brothers. Listen to Him…” (Deuteronomy 18:15)

For those present, the moment of revelation unfolded before their very eyes. The prophet, the Messiah, the rabbi they had longed for, was breathing life into the Torah and the Tanakh (the 'old' testament) right before them.  

“And it came to be, when יהושע had ended these words, that the people were astonished at His teaching, for He was teaching them as one possessing authority, and not as the scribes.” (Matthew 7:28-29)

The Poor in Spirit

“Blessed are the poor in spirit, because theirs is the reign of the heavens.” (Matthew 5:3)
“And all these My hand has made, and all these that exist,” declares יהוה. “Yet to such a one I look: on him who is poor and bruised of spirit, and who trembles at My Word.” (Isaiah 66:2)

Those Who Mourn

“Blessed are those who mourn, because they shall be comforted.” (Matthew 5:4)
“The Spirit of the Master יהוה is upon Me, because יהוה has anointed Me to bring good news to the meek. He has sent Me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim release to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound, to proclaim the acceptable year of יהוה, and the day of vengeance of our Elohim, to comfort all who mourn…” (Isaiah 61:1-2)

The Meek

“Blessed are the meek, because they shall inherit the earth.” (Matthew 5:5)
“But the meek ones shall inherit the earth, And delight themselves in plenty of peace.” (Psalm 37:11)

Those who Hunger

“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, because they shall be filled.” (Matthew 5:6)
“For He has satisfied a longing being, And has filled the hungry being with goodness.” (Psalms 107:9)
“Oh everyone who thirsts, come to the waters. And you who have no silver, come, buy and eat. Come, buy wine and milk without silver and without price. “Why do you weigh out silver for what is not bread, and your labour for what does not satisfy? Listen, listen to Me, and eat what is good, and let your being delight itself in fatness. “Incline your ear, and come to Me…” (Isaiah 55:1-3)

The Merciful

“Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy” (Matthew 5:7)
“With the merciful, you will show yourself merciful; with an upright man you will show yourself upright;” (Psalms 18:25)

The Clean in Heart

“Blessed are the clean in heart, because they shall see Elohim.” (Matthew 5:8)
“Who does go up into the mountain of יהוה? And who does stand in His set-apart place? He who has innocent hands and a clean heart, Who did not bring his life to naught, And did not swear deceivingly.” (Psalm 24:3-4)

The Peacemakers

“Blessed are the peacemakers, because they shall be called sons of Elohim.” (Matthew 5:9)
And Ya‛aqoḇ (Jacob) made a vow, saying, “Seeing Elohim is with me, and has kept me in this way that I am going, and has given me bread to eat and a garment to put on –when I have returned to my father’s house in peace, and יהוה has been my Elohim, then this stone which I have set as a standing column shall be Elohim’s house, and of all that You give me, I shall certainly give a tenth to You.” (Genesis 28:20-22)
“And you shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus said יהוה, Yisra’ĕl (Israel) is My son, My first-born.” (Exodus 4:22)

The Persecuted

“Blessed are those persecuted for righteousness’ sake, because theirs is the reign of the heavens. “Blessed are you when they reproach and persecute you, and falsely say every wicked word against you, for My sake. Rejoice and be glad, because your reward in the heavens is great. For in this way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.” (Matthew 5:10-12)
“Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute?” (Acts 7:52)

Every single prophet that Elohim ever sent to Israel has been persecuted, and most were killed by their own people for urging them to obey the Torah.

“And the prophets…And others were tortured, not accepting release, to obtain a better resurrection. And others had trial of mocking's and floggings and more, of chains and imprisonment. They were stoned, they were tried, they were sawn in two, and they were slain with the sword. They went about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being in need, afflicted, mistreated, of whom the world was not worthy – wandering in deserts and mountains and caves and holes of the earth.” (Hebrews 11:32-38)

What is righteousness?

“For all Your commands are righteousness.” (Psalms 119:172)

The Salt

“You are the salt of the earth, but if the salt becomes tasteless, how shall it be seasoned? For it is no longer of any use but to be thrown out and to be trodden down by men.” (Matthew 5:13)
“‘And season with salt every offering of your grain offering, and do not allow the salt of the covenant of your Elohim to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your offerings you bring salt.” (Leviticus 2:13)

Salt was to be used with every offering, and here Yeshua is telling the people that they are salt, they are like offerings to the Most High. Believing Israel is that salt that was in the tabernacle, acting as a type and shadow of those who hold reverence to El Shaddai’s ways.

“I call upon you, therefore, brothers, through the compassion of Elohim, to present your bodies a living offering – set-apart, well-pleasing to Elohim – your reasonable worship.” (Romans 12:1)

The Light of the World

You are the light of the world. It is impossible for a city to be hidden on a mountain. “Nor do they light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lampstand, and it shines to all those in the house. Let your light so shine before men, so that they see your good works and praise your Father who is in the heavens.” (Matthew 5:14-16)
“and He says, “Shall it be a small matter for You to be My Servant to raise up the tribes of Ya‛aqoḇ, and to bring back the preserved ones of Yisra’ĕl? And I shall give You as a light to the nations, to be My deliverance to the ends of the earth!” (Isaiah 49:6)
“For the command is a lamp, And the Torah a light.” (Proverbs 6:23)

By walking in the Torah, you become a beacon of light to those around you. This isn't some abstract light concocted by Christianity rooted in philosophical debate; rather, it's the light of the Torah! It's the teachings of the Father for His children.   

 You Have Heard it Said

You heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder,’ and whoever murders shall be liable to judgment. But I say to you that whoever is wroth with his brother without a cause shall be liable to judgment. And whoever says to his brother, ‘Raka!’ shall be liable to the Sanhedrin. But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be liable to fire of GĕHinnom.” (Matthew 5:21-22)

Notice that Yeshua says, 'You have heard it said,' but the Torah was written. The Pharisees spoke in the synagogues, but they did not teach the deeper, inward aspects of the Torah. When there were righteous teachers of the Torah, they taught that sin begins in the heart, not just with actions. Yeshua is restoring this understanding to the people

“You heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’“But I say to you that everyone looking at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. And if your right eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out and throw it away from you. For it is better for you that one of your members perish, than for your entire body to be thrown into GĕHinnom.” (Matthew 5:27-29)

Once again, Yeshua addresses the heart of the matter. The desire to sin begins in the heart, which is why we must take every thought captive. Notice also how He alludes to Samson with the plucking out of the eyes. Samson was seduced by Delilah, which cost him everything, including his eyesight. This reference is often missed by readers of Matthew chapter five today, but I have no doubt that those in attendance understood and recognized the significance, just as they would have grasped the following references as well.

“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’ But I tell you, don’t resist him who is evil; but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also. If anyone sues you to take away your coat, let him have your cloak also.” (Matthew 5:38-40)

I have already discussed 'eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth' at length in 'Eye for Eye.' But did you catch the biblical reference that Yeshua mentioned? Who is He telling the people to emulate, while also showing that Elohim will provide for His own? Joseph lost his coat when his jealous brothers sold him into slavery, and he lost his cloak when he was framed for adultery. Yet, despite all the evil done to him, Joseph was still made second in all of Egypt and was able to save his entire family.

The One Pointing the Way

Yeshua did not come to dismantle His Father’s ways, nor did he come to establish a new religion. He came to redeem Israel, taking Judah’s cup of bitter waters, and teach the Torah as intended. The Messiah declared that the only way to the Father was through him, and we understand that the Torah guides us to the Messiah.

“For Messiah is the goal of the ‘Torah unto righteousness’ to everyone who believes.” (Romans 10:4)

Yeshua is showing the way to the Father, not Christian church doctrine or the proclamations of pastors claiming divine revelation when Yah hasn't spoken. It's the King of all Kings who directs the way.

“The one who says he stays in Him ought himself also to walk, even as He walked.” (1 John 2:6)
“My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.” (John 10:27)


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